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Ecological Footprint-Study of Kampung Naga, West Java, Indonesia: A Study of Spiritual Beliefs for Sustainable Development

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dc.rights.license Author Retains All Rights en_NZ
dc.contributor.advisor Vale, Robert
dc.contributor.advisor Vale, Brenda
dc.contributor.author Pamungkas, Grace
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-11T23:12:06Z
dc.date.accessioned 2022-11-03T19:09:27Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-11T23:12:06Z
dc.date.available 2022-11-03T19:09:27Z
dc.date.copyright 2016
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.wgtn.ac.nz/handle/123456789/29914
dc.description.abstract Sustainability means living within our means, treading lightly on the earth. This is plainly not a concept that persists in human society today. The indicators of this can be seen in the deleterious effects humankind is having on the planet as a result of resource scarcity, climate change, and environmental degradation. The biggest cause of this is the use of resources at a rate greater than which the Earth can replenish them. The driver of this increasing consumption is the system mankind has created called “the growth focussed economy”. Looking back into the past, the ecological footprint of mankind was much lighter. So the thinking and philosophy behind what was done in the past is worth examining and testing to see if what was done then offers a blueprint for a more sustainable world. A traditional community called the Sanaga is living within the ecological limits in the village of Kampung Naga, in West Java, Indonesia. As a contemporary example of an apparently self-sufficient economy that was commonly found in ancient times, a detailed assessment of the ecological impact of their living activities has been applied to consider the contribution of their traditional way of life and behaviour to the conservation of energy and natural resources. Given that the overall unique behaviour in Kampung Naga has been retained in the light of their respect for their Great Ancestor and the Rice Goddess Dewi Sri, it is relevant to examine the possible role of their spiritual beliefs in these mythical or semi-mythical figures in setting the limits of their resource consumption. The readings on mythology in this research aim to clarify an appropriate vocabulary to discuss the sources of traditional beliefs and practices held by this community in terms of living their specific social and agricultural lifestyle. To accomplish the aim of this research, a particular method of work has been developed. The approach to study of the published materials of Kampung Naga and Sundanese mythology is essentially dialectical. The materials being studied are the major documents in the Old Sundanese literature related to Kampung Naga and also recent publications in cultural anthropology studies of the particular ethnic group. Most of them have been written by Indonesian scholars and a few Dutch philologists from the beginning of the twentieth century. Although philosophical ideas in the course of the last four centuries are discussed in this study, they are deliberately viewed as if they were all contemporary in order to develop or defend another possibility in regard to the idea of progress. Instead of the teachings of religious speculations which are beyond the reach of reason and empirical verification, what has been found in these works of old Sundanese literature was practical instruction from a nobleman regarding how to live a noble life according to several branches of Hindu and Buddhist philosophy combined with local beliefs. One particular facet that is relevant in the current period of accelerating global consumption is the possible role of these teachings in terms of acknowledgment of materialism and more importantly its ethical and ecological implications. en_NZ
dc.format pdf en_NZ
dc.language en_NZ
dc.language other
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.language.iso other
dc.publisher Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.rights Access is restricted to staff and students only. For information please contact the Library. en_NZ
dc.subject Ecological footprint en_NZ
dc.subject Spritual beliefs en_NZ
dc.subject Sustainable development en_NZ
dc.subject Sustainable lifestyle en_NZ
dc.subject Modernism en_NZ
dc.subject Consumption culture en_NZ
dc.subject Materialism en_NZ
dc.subject Applied mythology en_NZ
dc.subject Spirituality en_NZ
dc.subject Sundanese literature en_NZ
dc.title Ecological Footprint-Study of Kampung Naga, West Java, Indonesia: A Study of Spiritual Beliefs for Sustainable Development en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
dc.date.updated 2016-05-11T04:22:57Z
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Architecture en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Social and Cultural Studies en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 050210 Pacific Peoples Environmental Knowledge en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrctoa 1 PURE BASIC RESEARCH en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Doctoral Thesis en_NZ
thesis.degree.discipline Architecture en_NZ
thesis.degree.discipline Religious Studies en_NZ
thesis.degree.discipline Anthropology en_NZ
thesis.degree.grantor Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en_NZ
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy en_NZ

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