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Motherhood Employment Penalty and Gender Wage Gap Across Countries: 1990–2010

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dc.contributor.author Chu, Yu-Wei Luke
dc.contributor.author Cuffe, Harold E
dc.contributor.author Doan, Nguyen
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-17T21:34:08Z
dc.date.accessioned 2022-07-12T02:55:04Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-17T21:34:08Z
dc.date.available 2022-07-12T02:55:04Z
dc.date.copyright 2021
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.wgtn.ac.nz/handle/123456789/21103
dc.description.abstract In this paper, we employ twin birth as an instrument to estimate the effects of fertility on female employment using 72 censuses from 37 countries in 1990–2010. Next, we document a strong linear association between gender wage gap and the estimated motherhood employment penalty both across countries and within countries. Reductions in the gender wage gap are associated with decreases in motherhood employment penalty. Our estimates suggest that a reduction of one percentage-point in the gender wage gap is associated with a decrease of 0.4 percentage-points in the estimated motherhood employment penalty. Our finding supports the notion that job prospects and gender equality in the labor market play a direct role in a mother’s labor supply response to childbirth. en_NZ
dc.format pdf en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofseries SEF Working Paper; 01/2021 en_NZ
dc.subject Child penalty en_NZ
dc.subject Motherhood penalty en_NZ
dc.subject Female labor supply en_NZ
dc.subject Gender wage gap en_NZ
dc.subject Twin birth en_NZ
dc.title Motherhood Employment Penalty and Gender Wage Gap Across Countries: 1990–2010 en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Economics and Finance en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 140211 Labour Economics en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Working or Occasional Paper en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcforV2 380111 Labour economics en_NZ
dc.rights.rightsholder http://www.victoria.ac.nz/sef/research/sef-working-papers en_NZ

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