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Common Article 1 of the Geneva Conventions and the Obligation to Ensure Respect

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dc.contributor.author Graham, Angus
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-03T04:02:25Z
dc.date.accessioned 2022-07-12T02:32:30Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-03T04:02:25Z
dc.date.available 2022-07-12T02:32:30Z
dc.date.copyright 2018
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.wgtn.ac.nz/handle/123456789/20985
dc.description.abstract The obligation to respect and ensure respect is codified by common Article 1 of the Geneva Conventions and in Article 1(1) of Additional Protocol I. The following research essay shall consider the second portion of this obligation, that is the obligation to ensure respect, and in particular the responsibilities of third States observing conflicts to which they are not a party. There are two competing interpretations of this obligation. One interpretation, favoured by the International Committee of the Red Cross in their 2016 Updated Commentary, requires that States are required to adopt all appropriate measures to ensure that International Humanitarian Law is observed universally. An alternate interpretation promotes a far more restricted interpretation of this obligation. This research essay concludes that the obligation to take measures to put an end to on-going violations and to actively prevent their occurrence is not supported by the initial intention of the High contracting Parties or the subsequent practice of States. Rather common Article 1 call for a more narrow interpretation whereby States have an obligation to avoid encouraging international humanitarian law violations and to ensure respect of international humanitarian law within their respective jurisdiction. en_NZ
dc.format pdf en_NZ
dc.language en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject Geneva Conventions Art 1 en_NZ
dc.subject Geneva Conventions en_NZ
dc.subject International Humanitarian Law en_NZ
dc.subject Common article 1 en_NZ
dc.subject Obligation to ensure respect en_NZ
dc.title Common Article 1 of the Geneva Conventions and the Obligation to Ensure Respect en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit Victoria Law School en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit Faculty of Law / Te Kauhanganui Tātai Ture en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180102 Access to Justice en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180114 Human Rights Law en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180116 International Law en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180119 Law and Society en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180122 Legal Theory, Jurisprudence and Legal Interpretation en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970118 Expanding Knowledge in Law and Legal Studies en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Research Paper or Project en_NZ
thesis.degree.discipline Law en_NZ
thesis.degree.name LL.B. (Honours) en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcforV2 489999 Other law and legal studies not elsewhere classified en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.school School of Law en_NZ

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