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The Hague Convention on the civil aspects of child abduction 1980: The New Zealand courts approach to the "grave risk" exception for victims of domestic violence

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dc.contributor.author Maxwell, Allie
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-23T23:02:38Z
dc.date.accessioned 2022-07-11T21:29:30Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-23T23:02:38Z
dc.date.available 2022-07-11T21:29:30Z
dc.date.copyright 2016
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.wgtn.ac.nz/handle/123456789/20221
dc.description.abstract The Hague Convention 1980 was welcomed by the international community to resolve the emerging issue of international child abduction. The Convention is premised on the assumption that all child abduction is inherently harmful. Thus, it is generally in the best interests of children to be returned to the country of habitual residence as expediently as possible, restoring the status quo. Domestic violence victims do not fall within the typical abduction paradigm which the Convention was drafted to remedy. New Zealand courts have adopted a narrow approach to the “grave risk” defence, requiring the abducting party to prove that the country of habitual residence cannot adequately protect the child. This is rarely established due to comity. This approach therefore effectively blocks the discretionary inquiry, which only occurs once the defence is established, in which the Convention principles can be weighed against the welfare and best interests of the individual child, a consideration paramount in both domestic and international law. Domestic violence means it is unlikely that return will ever be in the child’s welfare and best interests. A change in approach is suggested, under which consideration of the adequacy of the habitual residence’s protection laws becomes a relevant consideration in the exercise of discretion. Consequently, all considerations are given due regard and the safety of young domestic violence victims is better assured. en_NZ
dc.format pdf en_NZ
dc.language en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject International child abduction en_NZ
dc.subject Domestic violence en_NZ
dc.subject Grave risk en_NZ
dc.title The Hague Convention on the civil aspects of child abduction 1980: The New Zealand courts approach to the "grave risk" exception for victims of domestic violence en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit Victoria Law School en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit Faculty of Law / Te Kauhanganui Tātai Ture en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180102 Access to Justice en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180110 Criminal Law and Procedure en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180113 Family Law en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180116 International Law en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180119 Law and Society en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180122 Legal Theory, Jurisprudence and Legal Interpretation en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970118 Expanding Knowledge in Law and Legal Studies en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Research Paper or Project en_NZ
thesis.degree.discipline Law en_NZ
thesis.degree.name LL.B. (Honours) en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcforV2 489999 Other law and legal studies not elsewhere classified en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.school School of Law en_NZ

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