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"Well-meaning, but without understanding": Are warrantless police information requests to third parties contrary to section 21 of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990?

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dc.contributor.author Duncan, Alec
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-19T04:23:52Z
dc.date.accessioned 2022-07-11T21:24:41Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-19T04:23:52Z
dc.date.available 2022-07-11T21:24:41Z
dc.date.copyright 2016
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.wgtn.ac.nz/handle/123456789/20170
dc.description.abstract Early in their investigations, it is common practice for police to make warrantless requests to banks, telecommunications providers, power companies and other service providers. In making these requests, the police hope to obtain information about their suspect (such as financial transaction records or call records) which will assist the police in obtaining search warrants. New Zealand courts have dismissed claims that requests constitute an unreasonable search or seizure per s 21 of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990, holding that principle 11(e)(i) of the Privacy Act 1993 authorises both the disclosure and use of information. This paper argues that such an approach does not reflect the first principles approach advocated in Hamed v R and by the Canadian Supreme Court because it gives insufficient weight to privacy interests, to the fact that disclosure of personal information is often compulsory when using services and to the nature of the information sought. It concludes that such requests are thus searches or seizures and, not being authorised by any positive law (the Privacy Act in particular), will be unreasonable in most cases. This paper argues that police should instead utilise the production order regime in the Search and Surveillance Act 2012. en_NZ
dc.format pdf en_NZ
dc.language en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990, s 21 en_NZ
dc.subject Hager v Attorney-General en_NZ
dc.subject Privacy Act 1993 en_NZ
dc.subject Privacy Act 1993, principle 11(e)(i) en_NZ
dc.subject Information requests en_NZ
dc.subject R v Alsford en_NZ
dc.title "Well-meaning, but without understanding": Are warrantless police information requests to third parties contrary to section 21 of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990? en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit Victoria Law School en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit Faculty of Law / Te Kauhanganui Tātai Ture en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180110 Criminal Law and Procedure en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180120 Legal Institutions (incl. Courts and Justice Systems) en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970118 Expanding Knowledge in Law and Legal Studies en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Research Paper or Project en_NZ
thesis.degree.discipline Law en_NZ
thesis.degree.name LL.B. (Honours) en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcforV2 489999 Other law and legal studies not elsewhere classified en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.school School of Law en_NZ

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